Our research shows that children with CI are less inclined than hearing children to show shame or guilt when they fail to accomplish a seemingly easy task, or when they are led to believe they have broken someone else's toy. Moreover, they less often displayed pride after succeeding on a task. Moral emotions serve to guide our behaviour, they urge us to do the right thing. Yet, at this young age (1 to 5 years), lower levels of moral emotions in children with CI did not negatively affect their social behaviour. Compared with parents of hearing children, parents of children with CI reported equal levels of social competence and behaviour problems. The paper is accepted for publication in European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.